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What Is Agile Methodology in Project Management?

The Agile methodology is a way to manage a project by breaking it up into several phases. It involves constant collaboration with stakeholders and continuous improvement at every stage. Once the work begins, teams cycle through a process of planning, executing, and evaluating. Continuous collaboration is vital, both with team members and project stakeholders.

Agile methodologies overview

The Agile Manifesto of Software Development put forth a groundbreaking mindset on delivering value and collaborating with customers when it was created in 2001. Agile's four main values are:

  • Individuals and interactions over processes and tools
  • Working software over comprehensive documentation
  • Customer collaboration over contract negotiation
  • Responding to change over following a plan

Agile methodologies frameworks

So what is Agile methodology in project management? It’s a process for managing a project that involves constant collaboration and working in iterations. Today, the word Agile can refer to these values and the frameworks for implementing them, including Scrum, Kanban, Extreme Programming (XP), and Adaptive Project Framework (APF).

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A project management methodology characterized by building products using short cycles of work that allow for rapid production and constant revision.


A visual approach to project management where teams create physical representations of their tasks, often using sticky notes on whiteboards (or online apps). Tasks are moved through predetermined stages to track progress and identify common roadblocks.


A PM methodology in which a small team is led by a Scrum master, whose main job is to clear away all obstacles to completing work. Work is done in short cycles called sprints, but the team meets daily to discuss current tasks and roadblocks.

Adaptive Project Framework (APF)

A project management methodology that grew from the idea that most IT projects can’t be managed using traditional PM methods. Work is done in stages and evaluated after each one.

Extreme Project Management (XPM)

A PM methodology where the project plan, budget, and final deliverable can be changed to fit evolving needs, no matter how far along the project is.