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What Is Scrum in Agile?

Scrum is a framework that prescribes rules, roles, events, and artifacts that are used to implement Agile projects. It is an iterative approach, consisting of sprints that typically only last 1–4 weeks. This approach enables your team to ensure they are delivering a product on a regular, frequent basis. 

Scrum was designed using a software model that follows a set of roles, responsibilities, and meetings. It can be used for any complex project. However, it works best when your project results in a concrete product, rather than a service.

Scrum in Agile requires particular roles and responsibilities, including the following:

  • Product Owner: The product owner on a project is responsible for representing the customer’s best interest. This person has the ultimate authority to say what is included in the final product.
  • Scrum Master: This person is a facilitator, responsible for arranging the daily meetings, improving team interactions, and helping to maximize productivity. The project manager often takes on the role of Scrum Master, but it can also be delegated to anyone on the team who is a Scrum expert and a strong facilitator. 
  • Backlog: The backlog is a list of tasks and requirements that must be included in the final product. It’s the responsibility of the Product Owner to create the backlog. 
  • Sprint: A sprint is a set time frame for completing each set of tasks from the Backlog. Every sprint should be the same length. 2 weeks in length is typical, but the sprint can be anywhere between 1–4 weeks depending on the needs of the team and project.  
  • Daily Meetings: A Scrum project team is expected to meet every day to discuss progress. These meetings are typically referred to as a Daily Scrum or Daily Stand-Up.
  • Retrospective: Each sprint should end with a review meeting, called a retrospective. This meeting is where the team reviews their progress so far and discusses how they can improve the execution of the next sprint.
Further Reading
blog post

Fundamentals of the Scrum Methodology

article

The Scrum Guide

blog post

Scrum for Newbies: How to Use Scrum to Tame Chaos