What Is Construction Project Management?
There are many different projects, from rolling out a marketing campaign to releasing a new app to planning the company holiday party. But one kind of project requires a particular subset of industry skills and knowledge: construction. According to the Construction Management Association of America (CMAA), construction managers (CMs) oversee the construction of a project — be it a bridge, airport, hospital, school, sports arena, or any other structure — from the beginning (called the “pre-design” phase) to the end (dubbed the “closeout”). CMs must possess the soft skills crucial to any project manager’s success — think exceptional organizational, communication, leadership, and risk management skills — and in-depth knowledge of and experience in the building process.
Generally speaking, some of the tasks that a CM might handle include:
- Design document review and distribution
- Coordination of onsite facilities
- Record keeping
- Schedule maintenance
- Quality monitoring
What do construction project managers do?
Construction project managers are responsible for collaborating with and providing oversight to the project stakeholders, including the owner, the architect, the general contractor, trade contractors, and subcontractors. According to the CMAA, the CM leads a team of specialists through a series of roughly 120 tasks to ensure “the project progresses smoothly and achieves the owner’s business objectives.”
CMAA breaks down these tasks into the following categories:
- Project management
- Cost management
- Time management
- Quality management
- Contract administration
- Safety management
CMAA then identifies five stages within each of the above categories. These stages are:
Tasks apply to each stage. CMs might:
- Review design documents
- Coordinate onsite facilities
- Create and maintain a punch list for construction tasks
- Conduct operational tests
- Monitor and report costs
- Create and maintain the project schedule
- Participate in quality control
While CMs often don’t engage in the actual construction steps themselves, they are likely to have backgrounds in civil engineering, contracting, or architecture. CMs might work for themselves or for contractors, subcontractors, or other related organizations. One of the increasingly common working arrangements for CMs is the “construction manager at-risk” model, which involves an agreement on the part of the CM to deliver the project within a guaranteed maximum price (itself based on the construction requirements at the time, plus any reasonably inferred items or tasks).