プロジェクトマネジメントガイド
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プロジェクトマネージメントにおけるコスト管理とは何でしょうか?

コスト管理とは、プロジェクト内でコストを見積もり、配分し、管理するプロセスで、予算超過を避けるために今後発生する経費を予測します。 予測コストはプロジェクトの計画フェーズで計算され、作業を開始する前に承認されなければなりません。プロジェクトの実行に伴って経費を記録して追跡し、作業がコスト管理プランに沿って進行していることを確認します。プロジェクトが完了した時点で予算と実際にかかったコストを比較し、今後のコスト管理プランとプロジェクト予算のベンチマークとして利用します。


Why is cost management important in project management?

Cost project management is vital to an organization’s project planning process. In fact, global services company Accenture believes sustainable cost management should be “part of the company’s DNA.” 

Without a detailed budget, you cannot effectively map out the resources needed for your project. For example, if you are renovating an office building, you need to hire an architect, pay for building materials, and agree upon hourly rates for construction workers. For all these tasks, you need to accurately estimate all costs and ensure you have the budget to cover these resource costs.

What are the benefits of cost management in project management?

Project managers should not underestimate the business advantages of effective cost project management. Here are three of the key benefits:

  • Prevents overruns: By allotting costs in the early planning stages, project managers ensure they don’t overspend on specific areas.
  • Avoids risk: A good budget will have a risk allowance to ensure project success is not compromised if unforeseen costs arise. 
  • Aids future planning: Cost project management reports can help with resource optimization. This can lead to more accurate budgets in the future.

What are the challenges of cost management?

Cost project management can be tricky. Below are three challenges that frequently crop up:

  • Lack of resources: If a project budget is too small, it can be difficult to secure the required labor, materials, etc. to successfully complete the project deliverables.
  • Inaccurate estimation: Poor forecasting can occur when a manager is inexperienced or doesn’t fully understand the scope of the project. This can lead to cost overruns and affect overall profitability.
  • Outdated technology: Project managers need access to intuitive, up-to-date technology and tools to accurately manage costs.

Who is responsible for cost management in a project?

Project managers are responsible for cost project management. As part of their role, they must estimate total costs, plan the budget, monitor spend, and prepare for potential risks. A project manager must remain vigilant throughout the cost management process to ensure they stay within budget and improve profitability.

Which project tools help with cost management in project management?

There are many tools that can boost cost in project management. The best option is to choose a versatile project management platform with a variety of tools, so you can tailor the software to your specific project needs.

Here are some of the most important tools:

  • Budgeting feature. For effective cost project management, you need an accurate budget. This requires a budgeting tool that enables you to track costs using custom hourly rates and tailored financial fields.
  • Time tracking software. This is particularly useful when trying to estimate resource cost in project management. When team members log hours using a task timer, project managers can use this data to determine how long a certain task takes, and allocate resources accordingly.
  • Reporting and analytics tools. For real-time insights into their cost management process, project managers should generate weekly reports with detailed charts and graphs. Analytics dashboards can also be created for a project portfolio overview.

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