Project Management Guide
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プロジェクトマネージメントにおけるPMBOKとは何でしょうか?

PMBOKは、Project Management Body of Knowledge(プロジェクトマネージメントの知識体系)の略で、プロジェクトマネージメント業界の基準として認められているプロセス、優良事例、用語、ガイドラインをすべて収集したものです。知識体系は、プロジェクト実行者による新手法や優良事例の発見に伴って絶えず増大しており、定期的な更新と情報発信が必要です。この取り組みは、PMプロフェッショナルのグローバル非営利メンバーアソシエーションであるプロジェクトマネージメント協会(PMI)が監視しています。PMIは A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (プロジェクトマネージメント知識体系のガイド)(PMBOK Guide)の中でPMBOKを公表しています。PMBOKガイドの初版は1996年に出版され、現在第5版(2013年出版)まで出版されています。より詳細にわたるin-depth discussion on PMBOK(PMBOKに関する徹底的なディスカッション)をご参照ください。



What is the PMBOK methodology?

PMBOK is technically not a methodology but rather an industry framework that incorporates best practices in project management. It is often associated with the waterfall methodology, which aligns project stages in a sequential approach, but it is also compatible with newer methodologies such as Agile. The PMI does not advocate for any particular methodology as the processes of PMBOK can be tailored to suit a variety of project management situations — managers select what they need for their respective companies, teams, and projects.

What is the history of PMBOK?

The origins of PMBOK date back to 1969, when the PMI was founded with the aim of providing a forum for professionals to share information and discuss problems encountered in the project management field.

In 1984, the organization issued its first certification: the Project Management Professional (PMP). Forbes has described the PMP exam as “a crucial tool for prospective project managers to test and showcase their ability to perform their duties.” A PMBOK whitepaper was published in 1987, and an exposure draft of the PMBOK Guide followed in 1994.

What is the PMBOK Guide?

The PMBOK Guide is an instructional book that includes foundational standards, guidelines, and terminology to help industry professionals manage multiple projects. It breaks project management processes down into five PMBOK process groups, which can be incorporated into your choice of project methodology. The first edition of “A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK Guide)” was published by the PMI in 1996. It is now on its sixth edition, published in 2017, and is available in 12 languages.

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