プロジェクトマネジメントガイド
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プロジェクトマネジメントにおける成果物とは何でしょうか?

成果物とは、プロジェクトのスコープ内で生み出す要素であり、1つのプロジェクトには1つまたは複数の成果物があります。成果物とは外部の顧客または社内のマネージャーに提出するアイテムとも言えるでしょう。どちらにしても、特定の日に誰かが成果物の受け取りを期待していることを意味します。成果物が納品されれば、重要な期限やマイルストーンが守られたことになります。通常成果物はそれ以前に完了した別の成果物に依存しており、イベントなどの複数のマイルストーンが設定されているプロジェクトの管理ではこのような状況が多く見られます。それではプロジェクトマネジメントにおける成果物とは何でしょうか?簡単に言えば、成果物とはプロジェクトで実行する具体的な取り組み事項を意味します。


What are examples of project deliverables?

As outlined above, project deliverables can be both internal and external. Here is an example of each one:

  • Internal: You are leaving your current role, and your HR supervisor asks you to prepare a handover document for your successor. This document is an internal deliverable.
  • External: You are working for an SEO agency, and you create a website audit for your client to optimize their SEO practices. This audit is an external deliverable.

When are project deliverables agreed upon?

Project deliverables are typically agreed upon in the early stages of planning, usually within a project management plan. This is because deliverables are closely linked to objectives, and the two will combine when a company sets out its OKRs before commencing work on a project. 

According to CIO.com, inaccurately defined deliverables are a massive risk factor for project failure. This is why it’s important for project managers to establish accurate, measurable, and high-quality deliverables at the very beginning of a project. Once these are in place, the path to project success will be clear.

Can project deliverables change during a project?

Many things can happen over the course of a project, and deliverables can vary slightly as a result. The key here is to monitor any risk for scope creep and effectively manage any changes to ensure the project stays on track. This could mean increasing the number of project deliverables originally set out in the planning stage.

By compiling regular reports, a project manager can track project deliverables and share changes with stakeholders. That’s why it is important to use versatile project management software so any changes can be made easily and communicated quickly.

Who oversees project delivery?

Although there may be a full team working together towards one deliverable, the project manager oversees project delivery. It is their job to monitor progress and ensure that all project deliverables, both large and small, are met within the deadlines. The project manager’s overall responsibility is to supervise the project throughout its various stages and execute a successful outcome.

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