Project Management Guide
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プロジェクトマネージメントにおけるプログラムとは何でしょうか?

プログラムは、スケールの効率を向上させるためにグループで管理されるプロジェクトの集合体です。プロジェクトマネージメントが個々のタスクの調整であるのと同様に、プログラムマネージメントはグループにまとめられた関連プロジェクトの調整なのです。プロジェクトを個々のユニットとして管理するよりまとめて管理した方が効率よく進められる場合は、プロジェクトをまとめてプログラムを構築します。関連コンセプトであるプロジェクトのポートフォリオ管理とは、組織が多数のプロジェクトを戦略ポートフォリオにまとめて管理また評価する手法です。その後ポートフォリオを分析して全体的な有効性を評価し、見積もりと実際のコストの比較をし、組織の主要戦略目的と一致しているかを確認します。それではプロジェクトマネージメントにおけるプログラムとは何でしょうか?簡潔に言うと、関連するプロジェクトをグループ化し一つのユニットとして管理することです。



Characteristics of programs in project management

The main characteristics of a program in project management are:

  • Large: Programs deal with big, overall company goals rather than smaller targets and deliverables
  • General: A project management program is general in its approach — the specific details are outlined in the projects, tasks, and subtasks
  • Strategic: Programs focus on long-term objectives and the multilayered plans to achieve them


Examples of programs in project management

  • Visionary: One example of a project management program could be the decision to make a multinational business entirely eco-friendly. This long-term goal would incorporate many shorter-term projects, including issuing new company guidelines, the rollout of updates across the various offices, and a marketing campaign to advertise the new principles. 
  • Mandatory: Another example of a program in project management could be a merchant’s transition to an entirely electronic payment system. In Sweden, for example, the goal is to become a cashless society by 2023. This means many retail organizations have already undertaken smaller projects that contribute to the greater program goal of digital transformation.
  • Emerging: Finally, a project management program could start as a small project but turn into a larger initiative. Various company projects could be dispersed or even duplicated, so establishing a program will enable managers to bring them all under one structure. 


Who manages programs in project management?

A program manager’s role is to coordinate all projects within a program to align with the strategies and long-term objectives of an organization. They oversee programs and assess deliverables to ensure that every project goal is reached. 

Program managers are not to be confused with project managers, who focus on the individual, short-term deliverables of specific projects.

What are the benefits of programs in project management?

A successful project management program can be invaluable to a business. The benefits include:

  • Clarity: A program aligns multiple projects together towards one shared goal. This means project managers are clear on their individual deliverables and can plan their activities according to the program’s strategic objectives.
  • Efficiency: In the program management process, a collection of projects is housed in one place. Program managers can use project management software to oversee progress for all projects at a glance and prioritize resources accordingly.
  • Risk management: By enabling project managers to communicate pain points as they arise, a set of best practices can be established to identify similar risks early and avoid repeating mistakes.

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