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Was ist ein Liefergegenstand im Projektmanagement?

Ein Liefergegenstand ist ein Output-Element innerhalb des Projektumfangs. Ein Projekt kann einen oder mehrere Liefergegenstände enthalten, die extern für einen Kunden oder intern für einen Manager bestimmt sind. In beiden Fällen wird der Liefergegenstand vermutlich zu einem bestimmten Zeitpunkt erwartet. Die Bereitstellung eines Liefergegenstands ist jeweils ein wichtiger Termin oder Meilenstein. Bei Projekten mit mehreren Meilensteinen (wie z. B. Ereignissen) sind spätere Liefergegenstände oft von der erfolgreichen Fertigstellung eines früheren Liefergegenstands abhängig. Was ist also ein Liefergegenstand im Projektmanagement? Einfach ausgedrückt ist er ein konkretes Ergebnis innerhalb eines Projekts.

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What are examples of project deliverables?

As outlined above, project deliverables can be both internal and external. Here is an example of each:

  • Internal: You are leaving your current role, and your HR supervisor asks you to prepare a handover document for your successor. This document is an internal deliverable.
  • External: You are working for an SEO agency, and you create a website audit for your client to optimize their SEO practices. This audit is an external deliverable.

When are project deliverables agreed upon?

Project deliverables are typically agreed upon in the early stages of planning, usually within a project management plan. This is because deliverables are closely linked to objectives, and the two will combine when a company sets out its OKRs before commencing a project. 

According to, inaccurately defined deliverables are a massive risk factor for project failure. This is why project managers need to establish accurate, measurable, and high-quality deliverables at the very beginning of a project. Once these are in place, the path to project success will be clear.

Can project deliverables change during a project?

Many things can happen over the course of a project, and deliverables can vary slightly as a result. The key here is to monitor any risk for scope creep and manage any changes to ensure the project stays on track. This could mean increasing the number of project deliverables originally set out in the planning stage.

By compiling regular reports, a project manager can track project deliverables and share changes with stakeholders. That’s why it is important to use versatile project management software so any changes can be made easily and communicated quickly.

Who oversees project delivery?

Although there may be a full team working together towards one deliverable, the project manager oversees project delivery. It is their job to monitor progress and ensure that all project deliverables, both large and small, are met within the deadlines. The project manager’s overall responsibility is to supervise the project throughout its various stages and execute a successful outcome.

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